Sultan Abdulhamid I was born in 20th of March, 1725, in Istanbul. His father is Sultan Ahmed III and his mother is Rabia Semi Sultana. His mother had taken care of his education. He studied history. He learnt calligraphy. He was a gracious and religious ruler. He traced a reform policy. He followed the governmental administrations closely. He worked with brilliant statesmen.
When he came to throne, the army asked for gratuity, and the sultan claimed that; �there is no longer, gratuities in our treasury, all of our soldier sons should learn�.
Sultan Abdulhamid I firstly, involved in restoration of the military system. He established modern schools. He tried to renovate the yeniceri corps and the naval forces. He established a new artillery troop. He made a census in yeniceri corps. Halil Pasha was leading this reform movements. But, his opponents complaint Pasha to the sultan and he was executed.
Instead of all his failures, Sultan Abdulhamid I was regarded as the most gracious sultan of the Ottomans. He administrated the fire brigade during the fire in 1782, in Istanbul and he won the admiration of his people. He was so religious and gracious that, he was called as �Veli� (saint).
Sultan Abdulhamid I reigned for 15 years, 2 months, 17 days. He died in 1789, in his 64th year. He was buried in Bahcekapi, to the tomb, he had had built for himself.
His sons: Mustafa IV, Mahmud II, Murad, Nusret, Mehmed, Ahmed, Suleyman.
His daughters: Esma, Emine, Rabia, Saliha, Alimsah, Durusehvar, Fatma, Meliksah, Hibetullah Zekiye.